A person’s ability to find a job becomes increasingly difficult the longer that they remain unemployed, making it difficult to overcome poverty. In the longer term, they also tend to earn less once they find new jobs. They tend to be in poorer health, have children with worse academic performance and communities tend to have higher rates of crime and violence. When individuals, particularly those facing barriers, are consistently supported in securing stable employment, they are more likely to experience increased social networks, greater sense of social status, inclusion, and involvement. Those unemployed or precariously employed are more likely to look for and find a new or better job with appropriate and accessible resources, and when they have spaces, time and new opportunities for goal-setting, risk-taking and self-determination.
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